Who Should Be Immunized

BioThrax is a vaccine indicated for the active immunization for the prevention of disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, in persons 18 through 65 years of age whose occupation or other activities place them at high risk of exposure. Since the risk of anthrax infection in the general population is low, routine immunization is not recommended. The safety and efficacy of BioThrax in a post-exposure setting have not been established

Vaccination with BioThrax should be avoided by individuals with a history of anaphylactic or anaphylactic-like reaction following a previous dose of BioThrax or any component of the vaccine.

If BioThrax is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant during the immunization series, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Pregnant women should not be vaccinated unless the potential benefits of vaccination have been determined to outweigh the potential risk to the fetus. It is not known whether BioThrax is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when BioThrax is administered to a nursing woman.

BioThrax should be administered with caution to persons with a possible history of latex sensitivity since the vial stopper contains dry natural rubber.

To date, more than 14 million doses of BioThrax® (Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed) have been administered to more than 3.3 million individuals.

The best way to protect against infectious diseases is to get vaccinated before exposure. A vaccine is currently available for pre-exposure protection against anthrax. It is called BioThrax® (Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed).

The safety and efficacy of BioThrax have not been established in pediatric or geriatric populations.

BioThrax may not protect all individuals vaccinated, particularly patients with impaired immune responses due to congenital or acquired immunodeficiency or immunosuppressive therapy. Individuals are not considered protected until they have completed the three-dose primary vaccination series.

 

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Indication

BioThrax is a vaccine indicated for the active immunization for the prevention of disease caused by Bacillus anthracis in persons 18 through 65 years of age. BioThrax is approved for:

  1. Pre-exposure prophylaxis of disease in persons at high risk of exposure.
  2. Post-exposure prophylaxis of disease following suspected or confirmed Bacillus anthracis exposure, when administered in conjunction with recommended antibacterial drugs.

The efficacy of BioThrax for post-exposure prophylaxis is based solely on studies in animal models of inhalational anthrax.

Contraindication

Severe allergic reaction (e.g. anaphylaxis) after a previous dose of BioThrax or a component of the vaccine.

Adverse Reactions

The most common (≥10%) local (injection-site) adverse reactions observed in clinical studies were tenderness, pain, erythema, edema, and arm motion limitation. The most common (≥5%) systemic adverse reactions were muscle aches, headache, and fatigue. Acute allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, have occurred with BioThrax.

Warnings and Precautions

Vaccination with BioThrax should be avoided by individuals with a history of anaphylactic or anaphylactic-like reaction following a previous dose of BioThrax or any component of the vaccine. If BioThrax is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant during the immunization series, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Pregnant women should not be vaccinated unless the potential benefits of vaccination have been determined to outweigh the potential risk to the fetus. It is not known whether BioThrax is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when BioThrax is administered to a nursing woman.

BioThrax should be administered with caution to persons with a possible history of latex sensitivity since the vial stopper contains dry natural rubber.